The Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (BioMed 2006), was held from 11 to 14 December 2006 at the Palace of the Golden Horses, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This international conference was jointly organised by the Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University, Korea; and Malaysian Society of Medical and Biological Engineering.The papers presented at BioMed 2006 cover the following areas: Artificial Intelligence, Biological effects of non-ionising electromagnetic fields, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Biomedical Sensors, Biomedical Signal Analysis, Biotechnology, Clinical Engineering, Human performance engineering, Imaging, Medical Informatics, Medical Instruments and Devices, Physiological Modelling, simulation, and Control, Prostheses and artificial organs, Regulations and Organisations, Rehabilitation Engineering, Telemedicine, Tissue Engineering, and Virtual Reality in Medicine. The conference program included invited plenary sessions by Joachim Nagel, the President of IUPESM; Makoto Kikuchi, the President of IFMBE; John G. Webster from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States; Metin Akay from Arizona State University, United States; Marc Madou from University of California, United States; and Yilin Cao from Shanghais 9th Peoples Hospital, China.The conference also featured pre-conference tutorial sessions. There are four sessions altogether, and the topics are Bioinstrumentation, by John G. Webster; MEMS by Marc Madou; Biomedical Informatics and Neural Engineering by Metin Akay; and Biomedical Image Analysis by Bart ter Haar Romeny. Thanks are due to the members of the organizing committee for their support and assistance in ensuring a successful BioMed 2006. Particular thanks go to Healthtronics, without whose financial support the conference could not have been successfully organized.