Measuring and managing the performance of a business is one of the most genuine desires of management. Balanced scorecard, the performance prism and activity-based management are the most popular frameworks in this setting. Based on the findings of R.G. Eccles acclaimed 'Performance Measurement Manifesto (1991)' this book introduces new contexts and themes of application and presents emerging research areas related to business performance measurement and management, e.g. SMEs and sustainability. As a result of the 1st International Summer School Piero Lunghi on 'Perspectives of Business Performance Management' this book is written both for students and academics, as well as for practitioners looking for new, yet proven ways to measure and manage business performance.